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Terrorism and Bioterrorism Resources

Smallpox Vaccine Injury Law Project

Presented by Louisiana State University School of Law
Professor Edward P. Richards

Update: Edward P. Richards, The United States Smallpox Bioterrorism Preparedness Plan: Rational Response or Potemkin Planning? National Security Forum Issue, 36 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 5179 (2010)

Presentations, including those on smallpox.

This project was active during the smallpox vaccine campaign in 2002-2003. The final work was captured in this article: Edward P. Richards, Katharine C. Rathbun, and Jay Alexander Gold, The Smallpox Vaccination Campaign of 2003: Why Did It Fail and What Are the Lessons for Bioterrorism Preparedness?, 64 Louisiana Law Review 851-904 (2005), Bioterrorism Symposia.

Day by day analysis - This page deals with issues as they developed, before they were incorporated into the Smallpox Vaccine Injury and Legal Guide.

The guides - these were updated as events unfolded and give a good history of the legal issues.

Smallpox Vaccine Injury and Law Guide, 7 June 2004; Smallpox Vaccine Injury and Law Guide, 19 May 2003, Smallpox Vaccine Injury and Law Guide, 24 Jan 2003, The Risks of Vaccinating Health Care Workers for Smallpox - Legal Issues - 30 Nov 2002, 9 Dec 2002. and Legal Issues related to Smallpox Immunizations under the Homeland Security Act as passed by the House - 17 Nov 2002, 9 Dec 2002, 14 Dec 2002.)

Bioterrorism and related public health related public health articles

CDC Smallpox Response Plan

As of 25 Sept 2002

As of 28 Feb 2010 (mostly unchanged from 2002)

New Information

Progressive Vaccinia in a Military Smallpox Vaccinee — United States, 2009, MMWR Early Release v. 58

Vulvar Vaccinia Infection After Sexual Contact with a Military Smallpox Vaccinee — Alaska, 2006, MMWR May 4, 2007 / Vol. 56 / No. 17

Quick Links

AHLA Teleconference Slides

US Military Smallpox Vaccine Policies

FDA: Recommendations for Deferral of Donors and Quarantine and Retrieval of Blood and Blood Products in Recent Recipients of Smallpox Vaccine (Vaccinia Virus) and Certain Contacts of Smallpox Vaccine Recipients

New!! - Federal Smallpox Information Site

New!! - FDA Approval Letter for Smallpox Vaccine, Label for Smallpox Vaccine

Smallpox Medical Information, Monkeypox Information

White House Smallpox Vaccination Plan (13 Dec 2002), White House Smallpox Vaccination FAQ

CDC Smallpox Site, CDC - SMALLPOX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS - Section 304 of the Homeland Security Act, Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) - Smallpox; 17 Jan Teleconference

Subpart D Panel Review of DMID Protocol 01-650 "A Multicenter, Randomized Dose Response Study of the Safety, Clinical and Immune Responses of Dryvax Administered to Children 2 to 5 Years of Age"

42 CFR Part 102 Smallpox Vaccine Injury Compensation Program: Administrative Implementation;
Interim Final Rule, 16 Dec 2003

Susan Thaul, Smallpox Vaccine Injury Compensation, Congressional Research Service, June 13, 2003

Democratic Members of the House Select Committee On Homeland Security, A Biodefense Failure: The National Smallpox Vaccination Program One Year Later, January, 2004


WHO Red Book - Frank Fenner, et al., Smallpox and its Eradication 5 (History of International Public Health No. 6) World Health Organization, Geneva (1988)

World Health Organization. The global eradication of smallpox. Final Report of the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication. History of International Public Health.. 1980;4.

Alibek K., Handelman S. Biohazard: the chilling true story of the largest covert biological weapons program in the world, told from the inside by the man who ran it. New York: Random House; 1999. 319 p.

Assistant to the Director, State and Community Services Div. Memo to: Director, Center for Disease Control. Subject: Smallpox in Yugoslavia. 1972 Sept 22; Memo No.: EPI-Set-72-91-2. 33 p.

Branimir Gusic, editor. Proceedings. Symposium on Smallpox; 1969 Sept 2-3; and Symposium on Acute Respiratory Diseases; 1969 Oct 1-2; Zagreb: Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts; 1969. 502 p.

Cohen H., Regamey R.H., editors. Proceedings of the 37th International symposium on smallpox vaccine. 1972 Oct 11-13; Basel, New York: Karger; 1973. 365 p. (Symposia series in immunobiological standardization; vol. 19 ).

Dixon, C.W. Smallpox. London: Churchill; 1962. 512 p.

Downie A.W., Kempe C.H. Poxviruses. In: Lennette EH, Schmidt NJ., editors. Diagnostic procedures for viral and rickettsial infections. 4th edition. New York: American Public Health Association; 1969. p. 282-320.

Fenner, Frank; Wittek, Riccardo; Dumbell, Keith R. The orthopoxviruses. San Diego (CA): Academic Press; 1989. 432 p.

Perkins, FT., acting editor. Proceedings of the 45th symposium organized by the International Association of Biological Standardization. International Symposium on Vaccination Against Communicable Diseases; 1973 Mar 14-17; Monaco. Basel: Distributed by Karger; 1973. 407 p. (Symposia series in immunobiological standardization; vol. 22)

Quinnan, Gerald V. Jr., editor. Proceedings. Workshop on vaccinia viruses as vectors for vaccine antigens: 1984 Nov 13-14; Chevy Chase (MD): Elsevier; 1985. 258 p.

Ramachandra (R.A.) Rao. Smallpox. Bombay: Kothari Book Depot; 1972. 220 p.

Report of the investigation into the cause of the 1978 Birmingham smallpox occurrence: ordered by the House of Commons London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office; 1980 July. 215 p.

Classic Materials

The Three Original Publications On Vaccination Against Smallpox By Edward Jenner

Other Resources

General Terrorism and Bioterrorism Resources

The Politics of Smallpox Modeling - Presented to the Department of Statistics at Rice University, November 2004

Smallpox, SARS, and Bioterrorism: Lessons Learned and Future Challenges - Louisiana Hospital Association - Nov. 2003

Medical Issues in Using and Testing Smallpox Vaccine - Presented at South Texas College of Law, 20 Nov 2002 - POWERPoint Slides

Legal Issues in Using and Testing Smallpox Vaccine - Presented at South Texas College of Law, 20 Nov 2002 - POWERPoint Slides

Draft Critique of CDC Smallpox Response Plan - 25 Sept. 02

Homelaw Security Bill as Passed by the House, As Passed by the Senate - Sec. 304 on Smallpox Vaccine Liability, General Vaccine Provisions of the Homeland Security Act,
Critique of Liability Provisions by the Minority Staff, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives.

Premier Health Care/Catholic Health Association letter to the administration via HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson on the proposed smallpox immunization program.

Interim Smallpox Response Plan and Guidelines - Sept. 25, 2002 - Not for public health use, this is an archive for academic use.

Superceded - Rethinking Smallpox Immunizations in Hospitals - A Hospital Lawyer's Guide - 8 Nov 2002, revised 12 Nov 2002.


Smallpox Incidence and Measures of Control in American and Canadian Cities 1919 and 1920

CDC Factsheet on Smallpox, August 9, 2004



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