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Public Health Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Infections

(Also see: AIDS-HIV, Public Health Reporting and Testing; Police Power; Habeas Corpus; Public Health Law Practice; Mathematical Models of STI Transmission)

Tracy Wolff; Erica Shelton; Cecili Sessions; and Therese Miller: Screening for Syphilis Infection in Pregnant Women: Evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement, Ann Intern Med. 2009;150:710-716.

John J. Potterat, Disease Intervention Specialists as a Corps, Not Corpse, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, July 2008, Vol. 35, No. 7, p.703.

New Jersey passes opt-out HIV testing law for pregnant women - 2007.

HIV in Women - April 2006

MMWR - Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2006

Testimony before the President's AIDS Commission: AIDS Law - Past and Future, 21 June 2005

Trends in Reportable Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United States, 2004

FINAL REPORT of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Ad Hoc Advisory Panel

The Original VD Quarantine Act to Protect the Military

Edward P. Richards, "Communicable Disease Control in Colorado: A Rational Approach to AIDS," 65 U. Dev. L. R. 127-179 (1988).

Cases

Court allows discovery of previous sexual contacts in HIV transmission case - John B. v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County, No. S128248 (Cal. 07/03/2006)

Upholds Tennessee HIV transmission statute's use of exposure and intimate contact in defining risk of HIV transmission - State v. Bonds, 189 S.W.3d 249 (Tenn.Crim.App. 2005)

HIV is an occupational disease for corrections workers - Estate of Doe v. Dep't of Corr., 268 Conn. 753, 848 A.2d 378 (Conn 2004)

Partner's HIV statutus is not a defense for failing to warn of HIV infection - State v. Gonzalez, 154 Ohio App.3d 9, 796 N.E.2d 12, 2003 -Ohio- 4421 (Ohio App. Dist.1 2003)

City may prohibit live sex shows - State v. Mutschler, 204 Ariz. 520, 65 P.3d 469 (Ariz.App. Div. 1 2003)

Partner's HIV statutus is not a defense for failing to warn of HIV infection - State v. Gonzalez, 154 Ohio App.3d 9, 796 N.E.2d 12, 2003 -Ohio- 4421 (Ohio App. Dist.1 2003)

Supreme Court overrules Bowers, decriminalizes private homosexual conduct - Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558, 123 S.Ct. 2472 (2003)

HIV Testing without the Patient's Consent - Sierakowski v. Ryan, No. 99-2705 (7th Cir. 08-03-2000)

Navy not liable under FTCA for recruiter who spread STI - Leleux v. United States, 178 F.3d 750 (5th Cir. 1999) - Navy recruiter in Lafayette, LA, gave underage recruit genital herpes. She sued the Navy under FTCA, but the court found that since the recruiter knew he was infected, it was a battery and thus exempt under the FTCA.

HIV Carrier Must Notify Sexual Partners - People v. Jensen, 231 Mich.App. 439, 586 N.W.2d 748 (Mich.App., Aug 28, 1998)

Duty to Third Parties for Negligent HIV Counseling - Reisner v. Regents of University of California, 31 Cal. App. 4th 1195, 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 518 (Cal.App.Dist.2 1995)

Wife awarded damages against husband for STD infection - good review of precedent - Meany v. Meany, 639 So.2d 229 (La. 1994)

Court sets standards for liability for transmission of HIV - Doe v. Johnson, 817 F.Supp. 1382 (W.D.Mich. 1993)

Court upholds mandatory HIV testing of prostitute - People v. Adams, 149 Ill.2d 331, 597 N.E.2d 574 (Ill. 1992)

Prosecutor may file criminal charges despite request of health department to bring administrative proceedings against HIV infected person - State v. Stark, 66 Wash.App. 423, 832 P.2d 109 (Wash.App. Div. 2 1992)

Grant of Police Power Trumps Criminal Prosecution for Needle Exchange Program - Spokane County Health District v. Brockett, 120 Wash. 2d 140, 839 P.2d 324 (Wa. 1992)

Rational Basis Test - HIV as a Communicable Disease - Matter of New York Society Surgeons v. Axelrod, 77 N.Y.2d 677, 685, 569 N.Y.S.2d 922, 572 N.E.2d 605 (NY 1991)

Court allows third party claim for transmission of gonorrhea - Mussivand v. David, 45 Ohio St.3d 314, 544 N.E.2d 265 (Ohio 1989)

Court allows claim for transmission of herpes - Berner v. Caldwell, 543 So.2d 686 (Ala. 1989)

Supreme Court upholds Texas sodomy law (overruled) - Bowers v. Hardwick et al., 106 S. Ct. 2841, 478 U.S. 186 (1986)

Temporary injunction to close a gay bathhouse. Good discussion of judicial deference to public health decisionmaking - City of New York v New St. Mark's Baths, 130 Misc. 2d 911, 497 N.Y.S.2d 979 (1986)The permanent injunction was issued in - New York v. New St. Mark's Baths, 168 A.D.2d 311, 562 N.Y.S.2d 642 (N.Y. App. Div. 1st Dep't 1990)

Case upholding NY's prostitution laws.  Interesting discussion of the history of prostitution laws in NY - Cherry v. Koch, 129 Misc. 2d 346, 491 N.Y.S.2d 934, 1985 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 3069 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 1985)

Court allows claim for transmission of herpes - Kathleen K. v. Robert B., 150 Cal. App. 3d 992, 198 Cal. Rptr. 273 (Cal.App.Dist.2 1984)

Brief - Liability for negligent reporting of syphilis - Molien v. Kaiser Foundation Hospitals, 27 Cal. 3d 916, 616 P.2d 813, 167 Cal. Rptr. 831 (Cal. 1980)

Investigation of sexual contacts can trigger 5th amendment self-incrimination - Matter of Grant, 83 Wis. 2d 77, 264 N.W.2d 587 (1978)

Classic case up holding health hold orders detaining prostitutes - Reynolds v. McNichols, 488 F.2d 1378 (10th Cir. 1973)

Old bathhouse closing case - Sultan Turkish Bath Inc. v. Board of Police Commissioners of, 169 Cal. App. 2d 188, 337 P.2d 203 (Cal.App.Dist.2 1959)

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