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Public Health Reporting and Testing

Also see: Sexually Transmitted Dieases / Police Power / Searches

Reports, Statutes, and Regulations

NIH - Certificates of Confidentiality - Policy on Public Health Reporting

Emerging Infectious Diseases: Review of State and Federal Disease Surveillance Efforts. GAO-04-877, September 30.

HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women --- United States and Canada, 1998--2001 - Study of Different State Law Approaches - November 15, 2002 / 51(45);1013-1016.

Cases

Court holds neonatal screening laws do not infringe religious freedom - In re Interest of Joel Anaya, Supreme Court of Nebraska, No. S-07-1136, Filed December 5, 2008

Chadha v. Charlotte Hungerford Hospital, 865 A.2d 1163, 272 Conn. 776 (Conn. 2005) - Legislative granted immunity for peer review reporting reduced the common law absolute immunity.

9th Circuit allows DNA testing of persons on parole - United States v. Kincade, 379 F.3d 813 (Cir9 2004), overruling: United States v. Kincade, No. 02-50380 (9th Cir. 10/02/2003)

Minor child has immunity for intentional false reporting of sexual abuse - Smith v. M.D., 130 Cal.Rptr.2d 315 (Cal.App. 2 Dist. Jan 30, 2003)

State may allow regulators access to abortion clinic medical records - Greenville Women's Clinic v. Commissioner, South Carolina Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, 317 F.3d 357 (4th Cir.(S.C.), cert. denied, --- S.Ct. ----, 2003 WL 837287, 71 USLW 3568 (U.S. Apr 28, 2003)

Brief - Cancer Registry Data May Be Available Through FOIA - Southern Illinoisan v. Department Of Public Health, No. 5-99-0568, 2001 WL 337191 ( 03-28-2001)

Brief - Supreme Court Reviews Drug Testing of Pregnant Women - Ferguson v. City of Charleston, 532 U.S. 67, 121 S.Ct. 1281, 149 L.Ed.2d 205 (2001), on remand.

HIV Testing without the Patient's Consent - Sierakowski v. Ryan, No. 99-2705 (7th Cir. 08/03/2000)

Brief - Establishing clinical laboratory negligence-public health malpractice - Anderson v. Alabama Reference Laboratories, 2000 WL 1174214, No. 1982182 (Ala. 08-18-2000)

Brief - Registering medical marijuana users does not violate privacy rights - Rollins v. Ulmer, No. S-9197 (Alaska 2000)

Brief - Balancing Patient Privacy and Public Health Risks to Others - Baptist Memorial Hosp.- Union County v. Johnson, 754 So.2d 1165 (Miss 2000)

Does the Conditional Privilege for Public Health and Safety Reporting Extend to Reports to Neighbors? - Schmitz v. Aston, 317 Ariz. Adv. Rep. 9, 2000 WL 279215 (Ariz.App. Div. 1, Mar 16, 2000)

HIV Carrier Must Notify Sexual Partners - People v. Jensen, 231 Mich.App. 439, 586 N.W.2d 748 (Mich.App., Aug 28, 1998)

State Administrative Warrant Can Reach Privileged Hospital Information - Arnett v. Dal Cielo, 14 Cal.4th 4, 923 P.2d 1, 56 Cal.Rptr.2d 706 (Cal. 10/03/1996)

Duty to Third Parties for Negligent HIV Counseling - Reisner v. Regents of University of California, 31 Cal. App. 4th 1195, 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 518 (Cal.App.Dist.2 1995)

Common law duty of psychiatrist to report child abuse - Bradley v. Ray, 904 S.W.2d 302 (Mo.App. W.D. 1995)

Choosing to not collect epidemiological information is within agency discretion (good discussion) - Jasa By and Through Jasa v. Douglas County, 244 Neb. 944, 510 N.W.2d 281 (Neb. 1994)

Court upholds mandatory HIV testing of prostitute - People v. Adams, 149 Ill.2d 331, 597 N.E.2d 574 (Ill. 1992)

Rational Basis Test - HIV as a Communicable Disease - Matter of New York Society Surgeons v. Axelrod, 77 N.Y.2d 677, 685, 569 N.Y.S.2d 922, 572 N.E.2d 605 (1991)

Court allows limited release of information from sexually transmitted disease records - Westchester County v. People, 504 N.Y.S.2d 497, 498, 122 A.D.2d 1, 2 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept. 1986)

Court upholds NY law protecting public health investigations of sexually transmitted diseases - Grattan v. People, 65 N.Y.2d 243, 480 N.E.2d 714, 491 N.Y.S.2d 125 (N.Y. 1985)

Brief - Liability for negligent reporting of syphilis - Molien v. Kaiser Foundation Hospitals, 27 Cal. 3d 916, 616 P.2d 813, 167 Cal. Rptr. 831 (Cal. 1980)

Constitutionality of reporting requirements - Whalen v. Roe, 429 US 589 (1977)

California requires psychiatrists to warn about dangerous patients - Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California, 17 Cal. 3d 425, 551 P.2d 334, 131 Cal. Rptr. 14 (Cal. 07-01-1976)

Negligence per se for failing to report child abuse - Landeros v. Flood, 17 Cal. 3d 399, 551 P.2d 389, 131 Cal. Rptr. 69 (Cal. 1976)

Failure to Report Communicable Disease is Negligence Per Se - Derrick v. Ontario Community Hospital. 47 Cal.App.3d 145, 120 Cal.Rptr. 566 (1975)

Classic case up holding health hold orders detaining prostitutes - Reynolds v. McNichols, 488 F.2d 1378 (10th Cir. 1973)

Mandatory public health testing does not violate freedom of religion - Washington v. Armstrong, 39 Wash. 2d 860, 239 P.2d 545 (Wa. 1952)

First case we can disciplining a physician for not reporting a communicable disease: Ohio v. Chandler, 8 Ohio Dec. Reprint 322 (1882).

 

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