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Public Health Diseases

AIDS-HIV

Also see: Public Health Reporting and Testing; Police Power; Habeas Corpus; Public Health Law Practice; Sexually Transmitted Infections, Mathematical Models of STI Transmission)

The article that started it all: Friedman-Kien AE, Laubenstein L, Marmor M, Hymes K, Green J, Ragaz A, Gottleib J, Muggia F, Demopoulos R, Weintraub M. Kaposis sarcoma and Pneumocystis pneumonia among homosexual men--New York City and California. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 1981 Jul 3;30(25):305-8.

HIV Prevalence and Unrecognized HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men: Chicago HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 2008 - 17.4% of gay men in Chicago have HIV.

New Jersey passes opt-out HIV testing law for pregnant women 2007.

Rapid HIV Testing in Emergency Departments — Three U.S. Sites, January 2005–March 2006, MMWR June 22, 2007 / Vol. 56 / No. 24

CDC finally recommends routine HIV testing!

Twenty-Five Years of HIV/AIDS — United States, 1981–2006

Testimony before the President's AIDS Commission: AIDS Law - Past and Future, 21 June 2005

John J. Potterat, Partner Notification for HIV: Running Out of Excuses,  Sexually Transmitted Diseases, January 2003, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 89-90.

LA Title 40 § 1300.14 - Confidentiality of HIV information

Reports

Recommendations and Reports, Volume 57, No. RR-10 December 5, 2008 - Revised Surveillance Case Definitions for HIV Infection Among Adults, Adolescents, and Children Aged <18 Months and for HIV Infection and AIDS Among Children Aged 18 Months to <13 Years.

MMWR, Subpopulation Estimates from the HIV Incidence Surveillance System — United States, 2006 September 12, 2008 / Vol. 57 / No. 36. - Critical data on the prevelance of HIV produced from the new HIV reporting data.

Left Behind Black America: A Neglected Priority in the Global AIDS Epidemic, Black AIDS Institute, August 2008 - original link: http://www.blackaids.org/image_uploads/article_575/08_left_behind.pdf

Relative risk of blood borne HIV, HBC, and HCV transmission - 2003

Cases

Parents lying about son's HIV to fiance is not fraudulent misrepresentation Doe v. Dilling, 888 N.E.2d 24, 228 Ill.2d 324 (Ill 2008)

Hospital and doc have duty to third party to inform patient of positive HIV test - C.W. v. Cooper Health System, 906 A.2d 440, 388 N.J.Super. 42 (N.J.Super.App.Div. 2006) - Hospital did not put test results in the patient's chart to protect the patient's privacy, which kept the attending physician from knowing the result and telling the patient. The court found this violated the duty to warn the patient on how to avoid spreading HIV, and thus endangered his partner who became infected.

Court allows discovery of previous sexual contacts in HIV transmission case - John B. v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County, No. S128248 (Cal. 07/03/2006)

Upholds Tennessee HIV transmission statute's use of exposure and intimate contact in defining risk of HIV transmission - State v. Bonds, 189 S.W.3d 249 (Tenn.Crim.App. 2005)

HIV is an occupational disease for corrections workers - Estate of Doe v. Dep't of Corr., 268 Conn. 753, 848 A.2d 378 (Conn 2004)

Partner's HIV statutus is not a defense for failing to warn of HIV infection - State v. Gonzalez, 154 Ohio App.3d 9, 796 N.E.2d 12, 2003 -Ohio- 4421 (Ohio App. Dist.1 2003)

HIV Testing without the Patient's Consent - Sierakowski v. Ryan, No. 99-2705 (7th Cir. 08-03-2000)

HIV Carrier Must Notify Sexual Partners - People v. Jensen, 231 Mich.App. 439, 586 N.W.2d 748 (Mich.App., Aug 28, 1998)

Duty to Third Parties for Negligent HIV Counseling - Reisner v. Regents of University of California, 31 Cal. App. 4th 1195, 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 518 (Cal.App.Dist.2 1995)

Court rejects necessity defense in prosecution of needle exchange program personnel - Com. v. Leno, 415 Mass. 835, 616 N.E.2d 453, 62 USLW 2088 (Mass. 1993)

Court sets standards for liability for transmission of HIV - Doe v. Johnson, 817 F.Supp. 1382 (W.D.Mich. 1993).

Prosecutor may file criminal charges despite request of health department to bring administrative proceedings against HIV infected person - State v. Stark, 66 Wash.App. 423, 832 P.2d 109 (Wash.App. Div. 2 1992)

Grant of Police Power Trumps Criminal Prosecution for Needle Exchange Program - Spokane County Health District v. Brockett, 120 Wash. 2d 140, 839 P.2d 324 (Wa. 1992)

Rational Basis Test - HIV as a Communicable Disease - Matter of New York Society Surgeons v. Axelrod, 77 N.Y.2d 677, 685, 569 N.Y.S.2d 922, 572 N.E.2d 605 (NY 1991)

Temporary injunction to close a gay bathhouse. Good discussion of judicial deference to public health decisionmaking - City of New York v New St. Mark's Baths, 130 Misc. 2d 911, 497 N.Y.S.2d 979 (1986)The permanent injunction was issued in - New York v. New St. Mark's Baths, 168 A.D.2d 311, 562 N.Y.S.2d 642 (N.Y. App. Div. 1st Dep't 1990)

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