The Constitutional Provisions
Habeas Corpus
“The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.” [U.S.C.S. Const. art. I, § 9, cl. 2 (1998).]
Bill of Attainder—Ex Post Facto Laws
“No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.” [U.S.C.S. Const. art. I, § 9, cl. 3 (1998).]
Trial by Jury
“The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.” [U.S.C.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 3 (1998).]
Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” [U.S.C.S. Const. amend. IV (1998).]
Due Process of Law and Just Compensation Clauses
“No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.” [U.S.C.S. Const. amend. V (1998).]
Rights of the Accused
“In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.” [U.S.C.S. Const. amend. VI (1998).]
“Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.” [U.S.C.S. Const. amend. VIII (1998).]