Standard of Review
The courts use the term “standard of review” as a broad defined notion of how they judge a case. There are many levels of review, and the selection of the level often determines the result in a case. In cases where the courts are determining if a law is constitutional, for example, there is a standard called strict scrutiny that is used if the courts believe that the law poses a substantial threat to fundamental rights. In reality, this is not really a standard of review because few laws are ever found constitutional when looked at with strict scrutiny. If, instead, the court chooses the “rational relationship” test, most laws pass as long as there is some relationship between the goals of the law and the method it prescribes to achieve those goals. Thus the determination of the proper standard of review usually predicts the results of that review.