Medical records are the basic tangible assets of a private practice. If these
records are lost through fire or theft, the medical care of many patients may
suffer. If medical office records were to be lost, it could be difficult to defend a
claim brought by a patient who had been treated by the physician. As with any
other business, the medical care practitioner will also face potential financial
ruin from the loss of the customer information contained in the medical
records. Unlike many other businesses, however, medical care practitioners
often fail to use standard business techniques for protecting their records.
Paper records should be stored in fire-resistant filing cabinets that are locked
whenever the office is closed. This provides some protection from fire and theft.
Computer records should be copied (backed up) to removable media, either
disks or tape, daily, with at least two sets of backup media. This practice
ensures that one set will be preserved if a mistake is made in the backup
process. These sets are alternated, with one being used on Monday,
Wednesday, and Friday and the other on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. It
is better to have a set of backup media for each working day. Most businesses
keep at least one set of backup media in a different building from the
computer. A duplicated backup is made on this remote set at least once a
week to prevent a complete loss of information if the building is destroyed.
If the medical office is destroyed, the first step is to contact all of the patients:
(1) to remind patients in need of continuing care that they must contact the
new office for an appointment; and (2) to reassure patients that the physician
will reopen the office and that they need not seek medical care elsewhere.
Contacting the patients will be much easier if the medical office maintains a
patient list in a secure place away from the office in which the records are
kept. This list should contain enough information to locate patients and,
ideally, to reconstruct a skeleton of the patient’s medical history. Keeping such
a list is time consuming, but it can be an effective marketing tool. A physician
can use routine mailings to established patients to build loyalty. Mailings
directed at patients with chronic conditions can be used to remind them to
come in for follow-up care. This is good business and good medical