It is the mission of the doctor to safeguard the health of the people. His or her
knowledge and conscience are dedicated to the fulfillment of this mission.
The Declaration of Geneva of the World Medical Association binds the doctor
with the words: “The health of my patient will be my first consideration”; and
the International Code of Medical Ethics, which declares that “Any act of advice
which could weaken physical or mental resistance of a human being may be
used only in his interest.”
Because it is essential that the results of laboratory experiments be applied to
human beings to further scientific knowledge and to help suffering humanity,
the World Medical Association has prepared the recommendations in Exhibit
9–1 as a guide to each doctor in clinical research. It must be stressed that the
standards as drafted are only a guide to physicians all over the world. Doctors
are not relieved from criminal, civil, and ethical responsibilities under the laws
of their own countries.
In the field of clinical research a fundamental distinction must be recognized
between clinical research in which the aim is essentially therapeutic for a
patient, and clinical research the essential object of which is purely scientific
without therapeutic value to the person subjected to the research.