World Medical Association
It is the mission of the doctor to safeguard the health of the people. His or her knowledge and conscience are dedicated to the fulfillment of this mission.
The Declaration of Geneva of the World Medical Association binds the doctor with the words: “The health of my patient will be my first consideration”; and the International Code of Medical Ethics, which declares that “Any act of advice which could weaken physical or mental resistance of a human being may be used only in his interest.”
Because it is essential that the results of laboratory experiments be applied to human beings to further scientific knowledge and to help suffering humanity, the World Medical Association has prepared the recommendations in Exhibit 9–1 as a guide to each doctor in clinical research. It must be stressed that the standards as drafted are only a guide to physicians all over the world. Doctors are not relieved from criminal, civil, and ethical responsibilities under the laws of their own countries.
In the field of clinical research a fundamental distinction must be recognized between clinical research in which the aim is essentially therapeutic for a patient, and clinical research the essential object of which is purely scientific without therapeutic value to the person subjected to the research.