Medical malpractice litigation is the classic civil lawsuit in medical care and
clinical public health. It is brought by the patient against medical health care
practitioner or an institution providing medical care. The object of the lawsuit
is to force the defendant to pay the plaintiff money to compensate the plaintiff
for an injury cased by the defendant’s actions. When the claims against private
defendant, there will be medical malpractice insurance which the cost of hiring
an attorney to defend the claim and any settlement or verdict awarding the
plaintiff damages. If the award is very large, it may exceed the limits of the
insurance and the defendant will have to contribute from personal or corporate
resources. If the medical care practitioner works for a governmental agency,
the governmental entity will defend the claim and pay any damages.
There are many other possible personal injury claims in medical care.
Individuals can be injured by dangerous conditions that are unrelated to
medical care delivery itself, such as slick floors or a malfunctioning elevator.
There can also be intentional injuries, such as the rape of a patient by hospital
employee or an assault by another patient. If the injury results from criminal
activity, it may not be covered by insurance. The medical care practitioner or
institution will have to pay for both the defense of the claim and any jury
verdict or settlement.