Investigating the Private Civil Case
Most private civil actions, such as medical malpractice claims, begin by the aggrieved person finding an attorney and asking for help. The attorney interviews the client to find out the facts and whether these will support a lawsuit with sufficient damages to pay for the attorney’s time and to compensate the plaintiff. (In some situations, such as the breast implant litigation, the attorneys know the lawsuit they want to bring and advertise for persons with the appropriate injuries to be plaintiffs.) Once the attorney has determined that there may be a valid lawsuit, the attorney will sign a contract to establish the terms of the attorney–client relationship and to document the client’s permission to proceed with further investigation of the case.