The Surgeon General, with the approval of the Secretary,
is authorized to make and enforce such regulations as in his judgment are necessary
to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable diseases
from foreign countries into the States or possessions, or from one State or
possession into any other State or possession. For purposes of carrying out
and enforcing such regulations, the Surgeon General may provide for such inspection,
fumigation, disinfection, sanitation, pest extermination, destruction of animals
or articles found to be so infected or contaminated as to be sources of dangerous
infection to human beings, and other measures, as in his judgment may be necessary.
Regulations prescribed under this section shall not provide
for the apprehension, detention, or conditional release of individuals except
for the purpose of preventing the introduction, transmission, or spread of such
communicable diseases as may be specified from time to time in Executive orders
of the President upon the recommendation of the National Advisory Health Council
and the Surgeon General.
Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, regulations
prescribed under this section, insofar as they provide for the apprehension,
detention, examination, or conditional release of individuals, shall be applicable
only to individuals coming into a State or possession from a foreign country
or a possession.
On recommendation of the National Advisory Health Council,
regulations prescribed under this section may provide for the apprehension and
examination of any individual reasonably believed to be infected with a communicable
disease in a communicable stage and (1) to be moving or about to move from a
State to another State; or (2) to be a probable source of infection to individuals
who, while infected with such disease in a communicable stage, will be moving
from a State to another State. Such regulations may provide that if upon examination
any such individual is found to be infected, he may be detained for such time
and in such manner as may be reasonably necessary. For purposes of this subsection,
the term "State" includes, in addition to the several States, only
the District of Columbia.
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