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From the U.S. House of Representatives Downloadable U.S. Code
[Laws in effect as of January 5, 1999]

[CITE: 42USC243]

    Part B - Federal-State Cooperation
    Sec. 243. General grant of authority for cooperation
    (a) Enforcement of quarantine regulations; prevention of
        communicable diseases
      The Secretary is authorized to accept from State and local
    authorities any assistance in the enforcement of quarantine
    regulations made pursuant to this chapter which such authorities
    may be able and willing to provide.  The Secretary shall also
    assist States and their political subdivisions in the prevention
    and suppression of communicable diseases and with respect to other
    public health matters, shall cooperate with and aid State and local
    authorities in the enforcement of their quarantine and other health
    regulations, and shall advise the several States on matters
    relating to the preservation and improvement of the public health.
    (b) Comprehensive and continuing planning; training of personnel
        for State and local health work; fees
      The Secretary shall encourage cooperative activities between the
    States with respect to comprehensive and continuing planning as to
    their current and future health needs, the establishment and
    maintenance of adequate public health services, and otherwise
    carrying out public health activities.  The Secretary is also
    authorized to train personnel for State and local health work.  The
    Secretary may charge only private entities reasonable fees for the
    training of their personnel under the preceding sentence.
    (c) Development of plan to control epidemics and meet emergencies
        or problems resulting from disasters; cooperative planning;
        temporary assistance; reimbursement of United States
      (1) The Secretary is authorized to develop (and may take such
    action as may be necessary to implement) a plan under which
    personnel, equipment, medical supplies, and other resources of the
    Service and other agencies under the jurisdiction of the Secretary
    may be effectively used to control epidemics of any disease or
    condition and to meet other health emergencies or problems.  The
    Secretary may enter into agreements providing for the cooperative
    planning between the Service and public and private community
    health programs and agencies to cope with health problems
    (including epidemics and health emergencies).
      (2) The Secretary may, at the request of the appropriate State or
    local authority, extend temporary (not in excess of six months)
    assistance to States or localities in meeting health emergencies of
    such a nature as to warrant Federal assistance.  The Secretary may
    require such reimbursement of the United States for assistance
    provided under this paragraph as he may determine to be reasonable
    under the circumstances.  Any reimbursement so paid shall be
    credited to the applicable appropriation for the Service for the
    year in which such reimbursement is received.
    (July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title III, Sec. 311, 58 Stat. 693; Pub. L.
    89-749, Sec. 5, Nov. 3, 1966, 80 Stat. 1190; Pub. L. 90-174, Sec.
    4, Dec. 5, 1967, 81 Stat. 536; Pub. L. 91-515, title II, Sec. 282,
    Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1308; Pub. L. 94-317, title II, Sec.
    202(b), (c), June 23, 1976, 90 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 97-35, title IX,
    Sec. 902(c), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 559; Pub. L. 97-414, Sec.
    8(d), Jan. 4, 1983, 96 Stat. 2060; Pub. L. 99-117, Sec. 11(a), Oct.
    7, 1985, 99 Stat. 494.)
      1985 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 99-117 struck out ''referred to in
    section 247b(f) of this title'' after ''epidemics of any disease or
    condition'', ''involving or resulting from disasters or any such
    disease'' after ''health emergencies or problems'' in first
    sentence, and struck out ''resulting from disasters or any disease
    or condition referred to in section 247b(f) of this title'' after
    ''(including epidemics and health emergencies)'' in second
      1983 - Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 97-414 substituted ''six months''
    for ''forty-five days'' after ''not in excess of''.
      1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-35, Sec. 902(c)(1), inserted
    applicability to other public health matters, and struck out
    reference to section 246 of this title.
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-35, Sec. 902(c)(2), substituted ''public
    health activities'' for ''the purposes of section 246 of this
      1976 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94-317, Sec. 202(c), inserted
    provision authorizing Secretary to charge only private entities
    reasonable fees for training of their personnel.
      Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-317, Sec. 202(b), made changes in
    phraseology and restructured provisions into pars. (1) and (2) and,
    in par. (1), as so restructured, inserted provisions authorizing
    Secretary to develop a plan utilizing Public Health Service
    personnel, equipment, medical supplies and other resources to
    control epidemics of any disease referred to in section 247b of
    this title.
      1970 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 91-515 substituted
    ''Secretary'' for ''Surgeon General'' wherever appearing.
      1967 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90-174 added subsec. (c).
      1966 - Pub. L. 89-749 designated existing provisions as subsec.
    (a), added subsec. (b), and amended subsec. (b) to permit Surgeon
    General to train personnel for State and local health work.
                      EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 97-35 effective Oct. 1, 1981, see section
    902(h) of Pub. L. 97-35, set out as a note under section 238l of
    this title.
                      EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1966 AMENDMENT
      Section 5(a) of Pub. L. 89-749 provided that subsec. (b) of this
    section is effective July 1, 1966.
      Section 5(b) of Pub. L. 89-749 provided that the amendment of
    subsec. (b) of this section, permitting the Surgeon General to
    train personnel for State and local health work, is effective July
    1, 1967.
      Pub. L. 103-333, title II, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2550,
    provided in part: ''That for fiscal year 1995 and subsequent fiscal
    years training of private persons shall be made subject to
    reimbursement or advances to this appropriation for not in excess
    of the full cost of such training''.
      This section is referred to in section 7610 of this title.

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